2 edition of Welfare approaches to the measurement of poverty. found in the catalog.
Welfare approaches to the measurement of poverty.
R. N. Vaughan
|Series||Discussion papers ineconomics -- 87-15|
|Contributions||University College, London. Department of Economics.|
A group of scholars converging on a common and socially relevant economic theme of research, that of households' welfare and poverty, met several times in the last two years to discuss the research progress and the opportunity to bring to gether for publication the research so far accomplished. Poverty is measured in the United States by comparing a person’s or family’s income to a set poverty threshold or minimum amount of income needed to cover basic needs. People whose income falls under their threshold are considered poor. The U.S. Census Bureau is the government agency in charge of measuring poverty. To do so, it uses two.
Measurement of Poverty presented in Section Each of the money-metric and welfare-ratio approaches has its strengths and weaknesses; both start from a nominal consumption aggregate, but adjust it diﬀerently. This material updates the discussion in Deaton () in one of the earliest LSMS Working Papers. Money-metric UtilityCited by: Three approaches to defining poverty levels are discussed—social consensus approaches, budget standard methods, and behavioural approaches. Each addresses different questions and none, of itself, has provided—nor, it is argued, could ever provide—an objective definition of by:
The final part of the book on policy provides both an overview of trends in poverty around the world, along with a helicopter tour of a whole range of different approaches to tackling poverty, including both macro/sectoral policies and specific targeted policies. The emphasis here is typically on explaining the ideas behind the policies, along. Get this from a library! A Multiple Correspondence Analysis Approach to the Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty in Morocco, [Abdeljaouad Ezzrari; Paolo Verme] -- The measurement of multidimensional poverty has been advocated by most welfare scholars and is experiencing a growth in interest, partly explained by controversial debates that have emerged across.
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Welfare states, it is necessary to examine the underlying conceptual foundations. This section provides one definition of the welfare state from book summarised the six main approaches that they identified at that time, etical understanding and empirical measurement of the problem of Size: KB.
poverty measurement worldwide and sketches a road to improving country practices while achieving greater comparability within and across countries.
It is hoped that this book will serve as the basis for formulating national, regional and international statistical programs to strengthen the capacity in member countries to collect and analyze Size: 1MB. main approaches to poverty measurement currently under consideration by the international community.
Specifically, income poverty, human poverty, capabilities deprivation, and participatory approaches will be discussed, highlighting the advantages and drawbacks of each Size: KB. The book focuses on two domains: the measurement of absolute consumption poverty and a specific approach to multidimensional analysis of binary (p.4) poverty indicators.
In choosing these two areas of focus, the intent is not to give the impression that these two domains alone are sufficient for rigorous poverty assessment. Downloadable (with restrictions). A set of poverty indices is constructed which is based on an explicit view of the loss of social welfare which results from the existence of poverty, in comparison t o a society in which poverty has been eliminated.
The indices are based on the entire distribution of income, rather than only the incomes of the poor, and thus embody the concept of relative. A Review of the Multidimensional Approaches to the Measurement of Welfare, Inequality, and Poverty.
Analyzing Multidimensional Well-Being: A Quantitative Approach offers a comprehensive approach to the measurement of well-being that includes characteristics such as income, health, literacy, and housing. The author presents a systematic. In their introductory chapter on approaches to defining and measuring poverty, Stewart et al.
() compare participatory and conventional assessment approaches to poverty reduction. Conventional. Mack and Lansley () claimed that their method of determining poverty was a consensual approach because it embodied the concept of minimum needs.
Respondents to their survey described the minimum characteristics needed to achieve a certain standard of : David Thomas Johnson. Tim Smeeding, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition), Approaches to Poverty Measurement.
While poverty measurement is an exercise that is particularly popular in the English-speaking countries, most rich nations share the Anglo-Saxon concern over distributional outcomes and the well-being of the low-income population.
Welfare is a type of government support for the citizens of that society. Welfare may be provided to people of any income level, as with social security (and is then often called a social safety net), but it is usually intended to ensure that people can meet their basic human needs such as food and e attempts to provide a minimal level of well-being, usually either a free- or a.
In the s, the income method of poverty measurement appeared to be consistent with growth emphasis of development (Sen ). Clearly, a commodity-focused concept of basic needs underlay the income method of poverty measurement, as the poverty line indicated the minimum amount of resources to cover such needs.
Multidimensional poverty measurement and analysis is evolving rapidly. Quite recently, a particular counting approach to multidimensional poverty measurement, developed by Sabina Alkire and James Foster, has created considerable interest.
The publication of the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) estimates in Human Development Reports of United Nations Development Programme since. The analysis of measurement and determinants of poverty and its relationship to food security and nutritional outcomes have become a major area of investigation by household welfare analysts.
We present a detailed analysis of the poverty and welfare in the United States, Cambodia, Europe and India. Poverty and the Measurement of Individual Welfare. A Review of A. Google Scholar Hagenaars’ “The Perception of Poverty”, The Journal of Human Resources, Spring Cited by: 2.
The Influence of Social Science Theories on the Conceptualization of Poverty in Social Welfare Catherine M. Vu To cite this article: Catherine M. Vu () The Influence of Social Science Theories on the Conceptualization of Poverty in Social Welfare, Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, DOI: / File Size: 1MB.
Definitions and measures of poverty July Our vision is a world without poverty that invests in human security, where everyone shares the benefits of opportunity and growth Measuring poverty Income poverty measurements generally use the physiological deprivation model1 to assessFile Size: KB. The high and insistent demand for in-depth and precise accounts of multidimensional poverty measurement motivates this book, which is aimed at graduate students in quantitative social sciences.
The second part gives a synthetic introduction of 'counting' approaches to multidimensional poverty measurement and provides an in-depth account of the counting multidimensional poverty measurement methodology developed by Alkire and Foster, which is a straightforward extension of the well-known Foster-Greer-Thorbecke poverty measures that had Cited by: In this section, the different poverty lines are presented that can be compiled according to the different approaches to poverty.
Absolute poverty lines These lines reflect the value of the resources needed to maintain a minimum level of welfare. The aim is to measure the cost involved in.
Most of the reading for the course is in journal articles. Books providing overviews include Salverda W, Nolan B, Smeeding TM (eds) The Oxford Handbook on Economic Inequality (); Foster, J, Seth, S, Lokshin M and Saiara, Z, A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality (; free e-book available) and Atkinson A and Bourguignon F (eds) Handbook of Income Distribution Volume 2.
of approaches are employed. Wide differences arise in the setting of poverty lines, for example, as well as variations in the types of data collected, survey methods, and ways data are aggregated to create poverty measures.
Questions of measurement are not matters of mere description. The way that.Inthe IARIW in partnership with the World Bank will be hosting a special conference on the measurement of poverty and well-being in Washington, DC NovemberThe conference organizers gratefully acknowledge financial support from the UK Government which helped to partially cover the costs associated with holding this conference.The importance of reducing poverty is universally acknowledged, and represents an important part of the Sustainable Development Goals.
However, the appropriate measurement of poverty and wellbeing remains complex and controversial. A UNU-WIDER study addresses means to significantly lower the barriers to entry to the conduct of rigorous poverty measurement and increase the participation of.